- Most of the land is low lying which causes the rain water of spread over wide area.
- The adjacent highlands receive torrential rainfall which releases large volumes of water resulting to rivers overflowing their banks.
- Silt has filled the river beds making them shallow thus spilling their water over banks
- The rivers in the flood prone areas are at their old stage, thus they have wide flood plains which allows water to spread over large areas.
- Most areas have black cotton soil which is non-porous and when soaks up allow water to flow and spread on the surface.
- FACTORS THAT LEADS TO FREQUENT FLOODING IN NIGERIA the adjacent lowlands.
- A periodic rise in sea level along the Indian Ocean sometimes causes intrusion of sea water and flooding in some low-lying coastal plains.