Fishing is an important economic activity in Africa. It provides food for millions of people and also generates income for businesses and governments.
The continent has a long coastline and many rivers and lakes, which provide a variety of fish species. The most important fish species in Africa include:
Tilapia: Tilapia is a freshwater fish that is found in many parts of Africa. It is a popular food fish and is also used to make fishmeal and fish oil.
Nile perch: Nile perch is a large freshwater fish that is found in the Nile River and its tributaries. It is a popular food fish and is also exported to other countries.
Sardines: Sardines are small, oily fish that are found in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. They are a popular food fish and are also used to make fish oil.
Tuna: Tuna are large, predatory fish that are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They are a popular food fish and are also used to make canned tuna.
The following are Factors that favor fishing in Africa
Many coastal settlements which provide cheap labor, both skilled and unskilled
Africa has a long coastline, with many coastal settlements. These settlements provide a ready source of labor for the fishing industry, both skilled and unskilled. The cost of labor is relatively low in Africa, which makes it a more attractive destination for fishing investment than other parts of the world.
Political stability attracting both local and foreign investors
Africa is a continent with a diverse political landscape. Some countries are more stable than others, but overall, the continent is becoming more politically stable. This is attracting both local and foreign investors to the fishing industry. Investors are looking for countries with a stable political environment, as this reduces the risk of their investments being lost due to political instability.
Presence of cold and warm ocean currents that oxygenate water and favor plankton growth
The oceans surrounding Africa are home to a number of cold and warm ocean currents. These currents oxygenate the water and favor plankton growth. Plankton is the base of the marine food chain, and its abundance supports a wide variety of fish species. The presence of these ocean currents is a major factor in making Africa a good place for fishing.
Great number of\various fishing grounds ranging from swamps, rivers, lakes, etc
Africa is home to a wide variety of fishing grounds, ranging from swamps, rivers, lakes, and the open ocean. This diversity of fishing grounds provides a variety of opportunities for fishermen, and allows them to target different fish species depending on the season and the market demand.
Shallow continental shelf less than 62m in depth favors sunlight penetration for plankton growth and onshore fishing.
The continental shelf is the part of the continental landmass that is submerged under the ocean. In Africa, the continental shelf is generally shallow, with an average depth of less than 62 meters. This shallowness allows sunlight to penetrate to the bottom of the ocean, which is essential for the growth of plankton. Plankton are tiny organisms that form the base of the marine food chain. They are eaten by fish, which are then eaten by larger fish, and so on. This means that there is a lot of food available for fish in the shallow waters off the coast of Africa. Additionally, the shallow waters make it easier for fishermen to fish from shore, which is why onshore fishing is common in Africa.
Large population providing market for fish.
Africa has a large and growing population. This provides a large market for fish, both for local consumption and for export. In fact, fish is the most important source of animal protein for many people in Africa. The demand for fish is likely to continue to grow in the future, as the African population continues to grow.
Presence of long indented coastline with various breeding grounds
Africa has a long and indented coastline. This provides a variety of habitats for fish, including coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrass beds. These habitats are important breeding grounds for many fish species. The presence of these breeding grounds helps to ensure a sustainable supply of fish.
Indented coastline\not straight for easy construction of harbors and landing sites
The indented coastline of Africa makes it easier to construct harbors and landing sites. Harbors are important for storing and loading fish, while landing sites are important for offloading fish from boats. The presence of these facilities makes it easier to transport fish to markets, both domestically and internationally.
Presence of a variety of fish species like pilchards, sardines, lobsters, and sharks that are highly demanded on the world market.
The waters off the coast of Africa are home to a variety of fish species, including pilchards, sardines, lobsters, and sharks. These fish species are highly demanded on the world market, which provides an opportunity for African fishermen to earn foreign exchange.
Large sums of capital to buy fishing gear and equipment.
Fishing requires a significant investment in fishing gears and equipment. This includes boats, nets, and other equipment. The availability of large sums of capital makes it possible for African fishermen to invest in this equipment, which can help them to catch more fish.
Supportive government policy of diversifying the economies from agriculture to fishing.
Many African governments are supportive of the fishing industry. They provide subsidies and other forms of assistance to fishermen. This support helps to make fishing a more viable economic activity.
Use of modern and efficient fishing methods like gill netting, trawling and purse seining.
Modern and efficient fishing methods, such as gill netting, trawling, and purse seining, can help fishermen to catch more fish. These methods are also more selective than traditional methods, which means that they can help to protect fish stocks.
Increasing level of industries processing fish and packing for export.
There is an increasing level of industries processing fish and packing it for export. This helps to add value to fish products and to make them more competitive on the world market.