• World war II and its impacts; ex soldiers like Baraki Kirya sensitized the masses of the need for democracy on top of that Britain had reduced its grip on Uganda forcing the governors to create reforms hence Ugandans demanded for more reforms thus nationalism.

  • The 1945 appointments of three Ugandans in the legco was a turning point in the history of Uganda as the grievances of the masses were heard and when the British failed to act positively nationalism surged to the fore.
  • The role of UNO with its decolonization committee made Africans and Ugandans in particular to demand for quick independence this explains why there were a number of demonstrations throughout the 1940s and 50s.
  • Colonial education produced nationalists like Musaazi, Obote, Binaisa, and Nadoipe who mobilized the masses to fight for independence, they also provided leadership and put pressure on the colonial masters to decolonize.
  • Colonial infrastructures like roads, railways eased the movement of nationalists hence there was easy sensitization and fighting for the common cause.
  • Formation of political parties such as UNC, UPC, DP, KY brought people from all walks of life together to fight for a common cause.

  • The economic exploitation of Uganda by Asian and European business men led to nationalistic sentiments.
  • The development of urban centers like Kampala and Jinja led to rise of a big multi tribal population with common grievances. This population gave audience to emerging politicians.
  • The British favoritism towards Buganda united other tribes of Uganda against Buganda and later against the Brisish.
  • Asian countries gave moral, economic and financial assistance to Ugandan nationalists for example in 1949 the India High Commissioner to East Africa gave an inspiring lecture at Makerere University. It was attended by among others Abubaker Mayanja Kakyama. Then in 1960, Nehru (Prime Minister of India) invited Milton Obote and gave him tips on struggling for Uganda’s Independence.
  • The impact of the 1952 Egyptian revolution, after its success Nasser even allowed Musaazi to put up an office in Cairo this was a stepping stone to wards decolonization.
  • The 1953 Kabaka crisis for the first time united all Ugandans especially the Kingdom areas to demand for his return this enhanced unity that furthered the growth of nationalism.

  • The declaration of the East Africa Federation in the 1950s; it was opposed first by the Baganda and later all Ugandans against the British hence rising nationalistic eye blows.
  • The liberal nature of Sir Andrew Cohen; he was ready to Africanize the politics of Uganda, this chance was exploited by the elites to demand for immediate independence.
  • Kwame Nkrumah and Ghana’s independence; the independence of Ghana in 1957 and later the calling of the Accra conference raised the spirit of nationalism in Africa and Uganda in particular.
  • The emergency of the press for example “Munno” “Uganda Eyogera” played an important role in enlightening the masses of their rights that is why mass nationalism emerged in the 1950s.
  • The increment of the number of Ugandans in the Legco to fourteen by 1953 led to nationalism, these clearly articulated the grievances of the masses and the British promised further changes hence independence by 1962.


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