EFFECTS OF THE SHARPSVILLE MASSACRE

EFFECTS OF THE SHARPSVILLE MASSACRE
  • The leaders of the ant pass campaign were imprisoned .for example Robert Sobukwe of A.N.C was sentenced for 3 year imprisonment for inciting violence




  • White sympathizers were also imprisoned for example Jock Isaco, Witz Ernest enzel a young African lawyer was arrested.
  • Many Africans ran to out side South Africa for political refuge in Swaziland and other countries.
  • It ended the possibility of different races in South Africa to live together in harmony.
  • Africans were forced to change from the peaceful method in the fight against apartheid to he violent one. For example Nelson Mandela formed the Mkota we sizwe with the intention of sabotaging the activities of the apartheid regime.
  • Africans started forming the militant organizations such as Mkota We Sizwe and POQO
  • The country‚Äôs economy was damaged. For example in only one day march 30th foreign exchange declined by $600,000,000.




  • The apartheid government declared the state of emergency where one could be arrested on suspension of having information on terrorism and around three thousand were arrested for this reason.
  • Investors were discouraged to carry out business in South Africa. They cancelled some businesses and even withdrew their capital from South Africa.
  • Caused the attempted assassination of Dr Hendrick Verwoed the Prime minister on 9th April 1960. This was the result of the decline in the economy and loss of money by the businessmen.
  • The apartheid leaders were shaken by the massacre. For example Mr. Paul O saver, the Acting Prime minister in fear suggested that there should be changes in South Africa.
  • Use of passes was suspended for 17 days by the South African government. The police was instructed not arrest any African without a pass for 17 days.
  • The union government stopped the arrogant raids on African townships.
  • Enemity between Africans and white increased




  • Some apartheid laws were abolished as a result of the Sharpeville massacre. For example in 1962, the legislation abolished the discriminatory liquor laws. Africans were allowed to buy European beer and wines
  • The South African government was condemned internationally

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