EFFECTS OF THE ALGERIAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

EFFECTS OF THE ALGERIAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
  • In 1962 Algeria finally got independence after 132years of French colonialism.
  • Democracy was realized for example, in 1962 elections were held supervised by the UN and Ben Bella was democratically elected as the president who put up constitutional governance.




  • Forced labor was abolished and urban-rural migration was encouraged, employment opportunities were created and wages increased. This improved the conditions of the workers.
  • Land redistribution took foot where Algerians regained their land. However some French settlers who had genuinely possessed land were allowed to repossess it or sell it to Algerians. This was a great move by the FLN fighters.
  • Agricultural modernization; the government extended credit facilities, quality seeds and radio programs to farmers in addition they set up a drain dam to provide water for irrigation. It also created 190 socialist villages and formed about 6000 cooperative unions. This was a great step that had never been realized.
  • Algeria opened up a new phase of cooperation between France and Algeria. This was in a bid to create harmony between the two states. For instance it remained Francophone country and color discrimination ended where about 1000 French teachers remained in Algerian schools, Algeria also continued receiving aid from France. This explains why until the time of the coup in 1965 Algeria experienced reasonable development.




  • The cultural revival was ensured as the Arabic language was soon adopted to match French, Islamic names were also adopted, the mosques renovated, Islamic dressing upheld and Quranic schools reconstructed. This improved on morals of the Algerians as many vices were dropped which included drinking, and prostitution among others.
  • The army and police were also put into consideration as their conditions were improved, promotions were on merit and this created a new coherent and disciplined force to keep law and order.
  • There was the nationalization of all major means of production. This was a move to the left. This brought reasonable development in Algeria as Ben Bella invited a number of foreign socialist advisors and a number of industries were put in place. These included textiles, cement and food processing and this greatly improved the standards of living for Algerians.
  • Unity was also enhanced as the FLN leaders involved all the populace without discrimination in the administration of their country. This compounded Algeria into a one sovereign state.




  • There was the formation of the Geo-economic union amalgamating all African countries into a Maghreb union. It emphasized the need for creating self-sustaining economies by utilizing the locally available resources, preserve Islam, avoid external attacks, and avoiding ideological collusion and neo-colonialism. This was a one-man plan (Ben Bella) that helped Algeria to remain peaceful after independence which was very paramount for development.
  • The revolution quickened the pace of events in other French-speaking countries. This explains the early independence of Guinea Conakry in 1958. Other countries like Senegal were also to receive changes for the French speeded up political reforms after the outbreak of the Algerian war of independence in 1954.
  • The war of independence established diplomatic ties with the outside world. This was a result of FLN’s external missions in various countries like Egypt, Tunisia, America, European and Asian states which attracted international sympathizers that helped Algerians to gain their independence in 1962.
  • The UNO was equally touched especially when Kwame Nkrumah tabled the Algerian question condemning the French nuclear bomb test in Algeria. It can therefore be argued that the war of independence opened Algeria to other countries.
  • The Algerian war of independence enabled Charles Degaule to reign for the second time as president of France. This was as result of the weakness of the fourth French republic to handle the problems of France at home and in Algeria. The French men then trusted Degaule as the only man who was to end the Algerian crisis and solve the home problems and on 1st June 1958 when he came to power he made it clear that Algeria was to get its independence sooner.




  • Ben Bella released all political prisoners this was in a bid to cement relations among the Algerians themselves.
  • The war of independence led to the loss of lives and the destruction of property. About one million Algerians died in the struggle and about 8000 villages were burnt plus a number of Europeans killed. This was as a result of the French revenge on the numerous strikes and riots staged by the Algerians.
  • It highly hiked the refugee problem in Africa. About 300,000 fled to the neighboring countries of Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt and Libya and about 2,000,000 Algerians were internally displaced. This created great suffering of the populace.
  • The war of independence brought in dictators as Ben Bella soon turned to create misery to the Algerians; he limited freedom of speech and press prompting the 1965 coup that was masterminded by the Boumedienne. However, this did not end the problem as he also soon became a dictator.
  • It introduced the army in the politics of Algeria for example due to the problems created by Ben Bella in an almost bloodless coup the army over threw him and power was passed on to the soldiers to date.
  • The revolution failed to create a self-sustaining economy for Algeria as Ben Bella found himself begging for economic and technical aid from former colonial masters. This undermined the independence achieved by the revolutionists.




  • The revolution gave birth to Islamic fundamentalism and Arab racism. This replaced French racial discrimination as the Muslims turned to terrorize the Christians. This tarnished the name of the revolutionaries and the image of Algeria.

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