EFFECTS OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN SOUTH SUDAN

EFFECTS OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN SOUTH SUDAN

Rural-urban migration has got both positive and negative effects on both rural areas and urban areas. These include;




  • It has resulted in the depopulation of rural areas causing a negative effect on agricultural development since the movement includes escaping of energetic men and women.
  • It has resulted in rapid growth of urban areas; however, this has got problems such as slum growth, unemployment, high crime rate, poor sanitation
  • It has resulted in racial ethnicity diversity which leads to racial conflicts and tension. This is because movement involves all kinds of citizens.
  • It has resulted into intermarriages between tribes which has led to the loss of traditional values and culture. This has increased on immoralities and sexual abuse
  • Since rural-urban migration increases the population in towns, this puts the government to task to provide social infrastructure like water, health, education, and security, which may drain the government budget.




  • Rural-urban migration may lead to famine due to the decline in agriculture since the energetic men and women who would have facilitated agricultural development in rural areas moved to towns.
  • It increases encroachment on wetlands and swamps in cities in search for land for settlement. This later result into floods and disease outbreak
  • Rural-urban migration leads to traffic and human congestion in urban areas and this causes delays, especially during rush hours and easy disease spread.
  • Positively, rural-urban migration is an important source of labour especially unskilled in urban centres. Such labour is used for industrial development like in Mbale and Jinja.




  • Rural-urban migration leads to land consolidation in rural areas and useful utilization of the available resources by the remaining people in villages.

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