• Poor Water-Holding Capacity: Sandy soils have low water-holding capacity due to their coarse texture and large particle size. Water tends to drain quickly through the large spaces between the sand particles, resulting in poor water retention.

  • Coarse Texture: Sandy soils have a coarse texture because they predominantly consist of sand particles. These particles are relatively large, which gives the soil a gritty feel when touched.
  • Well-Aerated: Due to their coarse texture, sandy soils are well aerated. The larger spaces between sand particles allow for efficient air movement and oxygen circulation within the soil, promoting good root respiration.
  • High Rate of Leaching: Sandy soils have a high rate of leaching, which refers to the rapid movement of water and dissolved nutrients through the soil profile. The coarse texture of sandy soils facilitates fast drainage, causing nutrients to leach out quickly, potentially leading to nutrient deficiencies.

  • Low Capillarity: Sandy soils have low capillarity, meaning they have a limited ability to draw water upwards through capillary action. The large spaces between sand particles do not facilitate the upward movement of water against gravity as effectively as finer-textured soils.
  • Less Stable Structure and Erosion Susceptibility: Sandy soils have a less stable soil structure compared to other soil types. Their loose arrangement of large particles makes them prone to erosion by wind or water, leading to soil loss and reduced fertility if not properly managed.
  • Acidic pH: Sandy soils typically have acidic pH levels. The low water-holding capacity of these soils contributes to leaching of basic cations (such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium), leading to an accumulation of acidic substances.
  • Quick Temperature Response: Sandy soils warm up quickly during the day due to their low water-holding capacity and good drainage. They also cool down rapidly at night as heat is released from the soil surface. This characteristic can influence plant growth and affect the choice of crops in specific climates.

  • Composition: Sandy soils primarily consist of 80-95% sand particles, with smaller proportions of silt (5-2%) and clay (0.1-1%). The organic matter content is generally low, ranging from 0.1% to 1%.
  • Light and Easy to Work: Sandy soils are lightweight and easy to work with due to their loose structure. They can be easily tilled, cultivated, or amended, which can be advantageous for gardening and agricultural practices.


Published by


IAM experienced geography teacher with more than three years of teaching and creating content related to geography and other subjects for both high school and college students. hope you will find the content of this website useful to your studies and daily life