BENEFITS OF DRAINAGE/ THE IMPORTANCE OF DRAINAGE

BENEFITS OF DRAINAGE/ THE IMPORTANCE OF DRAINAGE

Is the removal of excess water from the soil.Excess water may be as a result of flooding,excess application of irrigation HO2 or even natural precipitation (rain)




BENEFITS OF DRAINAGE/ THE IMPORTANCE OF DRAINAGE

  • It improves soil aeration, i.e uses amount of air in the soil which facilitates good respiration of
    plant roots
  • It raises soil temperatures
  • It improves soil structure which facilitates proper root penetration in the soil
  • Drainage facilitates growth of certain crops which can not grow in water/logged areas.
  • Drainage enables movement of machines e.g Tractors and other machines on the farm; if soil drays and hardens




  • Drainage reduces losses and wastage of crops due to rotting effect
  • It reduces on the leaching of Nutrients
  • Drainage helps to control parasites e.g snails, mosquitoes which are vectors to the animals and farmer
  • Drainage helps to wash away excess salts that may have accumulated in the soil
  • Drainage provides firm foundations for farm buildings and structures
  • Drainage increases the area available for cultivation
  • Drainage allows conducive/suitable conditions for soil organisms to live.
  • Drainage allows conducive/suitable conditions for soil organisms to live.




  • Drainage helps to allow timely operations to be done on the farm E.g timely seed bed preparation early planting e.t.c

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