A commune is a well-organized system of land used practiced in china for agricultural production purposes. Communes are made up of families which come together to work on a designated piece of land either forcefully or by policy.
An agricultural commune is a system of farming where the farmers are organized into families to form production teams which in turn join to form production brigades.
Land and other productive resources are jointly owned by the members of the communes and the agricultural output is shared according to individual input.
The farms are state-owned and controlled where procurement (buying) and distribution of farm inputs are a distribution of the state.
Connection and marketing of the produce is also done by the state.
The large centrally planned communes in china were established in the late 1950s with the hope that they would help to feed the huge Chinese population.
Each commune is self-sufficient in form of food requirements and communes have got all forms of developed social and economic institutions such as factors, schools, banks, hospitals etc.
COMPOSITION OF A COMMUNE.
- Fifty families make up one production team of between 50-200 people.
- 10 production teams combine to form a brigade which usually consists of 500-2000 people to work on approximately 200 hectares of land.
- 5 brigades then combine to make a commune. Communes usually consist of approximately 1000-40000 people working on an area of about 1000 hectares.
- Each commune is expected to produce one commodity in a given period of time and in specific qualities. Leadership is periodically elected to organize the commune’s daily activity and the individuals are expected to work for 6 days in a week and the workers are paid wages /salary depending on the profits accruing to the commune.