ACHIEVEMENT OF THE UJAMAA POLICY IN TANZANIA

ACHIEVEMENT OF THE UJAMAA POLICY IN TANZANIA
  • There was land redistribution where the Government embarked on resettlement policy and land was distributed to the peasants in the newly created villages for example in Mwenga and Lindi villages no body could complain of being landless.




  • There was increased food production where the government encouraged the production of cassava, Maize, Groundnuts and other food crops. Consequently food became abundant in villages like Mwenga.
  • There was growth of small scale industries such as those producing fertilizers, pesticides that provide products on demand in the settlement villages. This level of industrialization developed Tanzania.
  • The army was strengthened and peace plus stability were attained. The locally trained soldiers formed a reserve army to supplement the Tanzania National army. This helped to avoid civil wars and coup detats.
  • The Ujamaa policy checked Neo-colonialism; it discouraged foreign aid and called for self reliance. For upto around 1970 Tanzania was able to achieve this though in the long run it failed.




  • The government easily provided social services to the masses such as schools, medical services, water through extensive government funding. By 1980 the literacy level had drastically reduced in the country.
  • National unity was attained as people from diverse origins were resettled in the same village and a sense of National unity was created and Swahili became a unifying factor.
  • Self help projects were created to provide employment opportunities to the masses. The Ujamaa emphasized traditional African value of communal work. It emphasized the view that every body was a worker and this discouraged idleness hence there was employment for all.
  • There was maximum utilization of Tanzanian resources for the benefit of all Tanzanians. All land was put to use and the exports increased.




  • Better farming techniques and skills such as re-afforestration, irrigation, diary farming and on top of that demonstration farms were put in place. Such helped the farmers to improve their yields which increased the prices of Tanzanian products on the world market.
  • The Ujamaa villages saw the growth and development of urban centers which became a basis of socialism. These include Mwenga, Arusha developed Dodoma and Dar-el-Salaam were highly developed especially through marketing the farm products. This improved the standards of living of the masses.
  • The Ujamaa led to uniform rural development as the government was in position to provide equal opportunities as far as schools, roads, co-operative organizations, and health centers were concerned. This reduced conflict based on regionalism.
  • The Ujamaa philosophy made Tanzania famous as a number of researchers from all over the world visited Tanzania, wrote books on the success and the limitations of the Ujamaa policy as it was very new in world history.




  • The Ujamaa philosophy made Mwalimu Julius Nyerere a famous figure in world politics. On many occasions he was invited to attend conferences and settle disputes amongst African Leaders. He was very significant in solving Ugandan problems especially after 1975.But all this can be attributed to the farmers’ idea put in place in 1967.

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