- Population pressure which leads to landlessness in areas such as central province lead to migration of people to settlement schemes and to less populated rural areas in search of land.
- Insecurity in areas such as North-Eastern and Northern Kenya which have frequent attacks from bandits and cattle rustler shapes made some people to migrate to more secure areas.
- Establishment of large plantation near Thika town and rice irrigation schemes in Mwea and Ahero attract people from neighboring areas as they search for employment /mining/Lumbering/fishing.
- Natural catastrophes such as floods in Kano plains and lower Tana Valley cause people to move to more secure higher grounds.
- Pastoral communities such as the Maasai, Samburu and Boran migrate from one rural area to another in search of pasture and water for their livestock.
- Drought and famine sometimes cause people to migrate in search of food e.g some people who live in semi-arid areas of Kenya temporarily migrate to those districts where they can get food during the time of droughts)
- Availability of employment opportunities in urban areas motivates the rural people to move to urban areas in search of jobs.