Coffee farming has been an important industry in the Philippines for centuries. The country is known for producing high-quality Arabica and Robusta coffee beans, which are grown in the northern regions of Luzon, particularly in the Cordillera mountain range. Coffee is also grown in other parts of the country, such as Mindanao and Visayas.
Coffee farming in the Philippines is mostly done by small-scale farmers, who typically grow coffee alongside other crops such as vegetables and fruits. The coffee is usually grown in the shade of trees, which provide protection from the sun and help maintain soil fertility. The most commonly grown coffee varieties in the Philippines are Arabica, Robusta, and Excelsa.
THE FOLLOWING ARE PROBLEMS FACING COFFEE FARMING IN PHILIPPINES
- Pests which destroy large parts of farms leading to losses e.g. termites.
- Diseases which lead to poor quality output such as coffee wilt disease and coffee berry disease.
- Limited land for coffee plantations due to ever increasing population.
- Soil exhaustion due to monoculture leading to low and poor quality yields.
- Competition with other coffee producing countries like Brazil and Ivory Coast leading to inadequate market.
- Low prices and unstable coffee prices leading to price fluctuation on the world market which demoralizes the farmers.
- Prolonged drought and hailstorms which destroy coffee flowers leading to low output.
- Competition with other beverages e.g. tea, cocoa and vanilla which reduces demand.
- Dangerous animals e.g. snakes, wasps and bees which attack the workers hence scaring them away.
- Inadequate storage facilities which leads to losses due to rotting of the coffee and destruction by pests.
- Coffee has a long gestation period of about 31/2 years until the first harvest which also demoralizes the farmers.
- Shortage of extension workers to train people on how to attend to coffee properly.
- Post-harvest losses also demoralize the farmers e.g. theft which leads to losses for the farmers.
- Poor means of transport leading to market centers leading to delays in delivery.