- A high population growth rate in Mbale, Kabale, and Buganda which creates a problem of population explosion on land for settlement and agricultural activities thus division into small plots.
- The socio-cultural practices such as polygamy and land inheritance from ones parents and grandparents especially in Bugishu, Kigezi and Buganda. This means dividing the initial land into small plots to cater for the different wives.
- A high rate of un employment and general poverty, the two forces people to carryout installment selling and buying of land like in Kabarole and Wakiso.
- Many people believe in large families with many children and avoid family planning facilities thus increasing population and land fragmentation like in Mbale and Bugishu.