• Limited land and therefore such areas face a problem of land fragmentation like in Kabale, Kisoro, Mbale, and Kapchorwa.

  • There is a problem of high population growth rate which creates population explosion on land like in Kabale.
  • Environmental degradation in form of severe soil erosion, deforestation and land degradation.
  • The peasant farmers practice poor farming methods, such methods facilitates low crop yields, low agricultural output and stagnation in agriculture.
  • The low productivity in agricultural sector make farmers to be un employed and have low standards of living.
  • Limited market for the produce from the small holder farms, and this demoralizes such peasant farmers in relation to expanding their farming units.
  • Shortage of capital/funds to purchase farm implements such as hoes which are becoming costly to such peasant farmers to buy.

  • Peasant farmers lack technical advice from agricultural extension workers, they therefore end up practicing poor farming methods which lead to agricultural stagnation.
  • Inefficient transport network of impassable roads during rainy seasons and this limit the produce to reach market centers in time and yet agricultural products are perishable.
  • Un predictable climatic changes causing drought and floods which destroy crops. For instance in 1994 eastern Uganda experienced a long period of drought and in 2007 the same region was hit by floods which led to crop failure.
  • Since peasant farming is characterized by small plots, such plots are repeatedly cultivated causing soil exhaustion thus low crop yields.
  • Heavy taxes imposed on farmers’ produce while being taken to market centers.

  • Small holder farming is practiced in densely populated areas of Uganda of Buganda, Kigezi, Mbale, and others. Due to the dense population, the population has led to land fragmentation.


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IAM experienced geography teacher with more than three years of teaching and creating content related to geography and other subjects for both high school and college students. hope you will find the content of this website useful to your studies and daily life

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