14 CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF UGANDA

14 CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF UGANDA

  • The agricultural sector employs a lot of people in Uganda estimated at over 90% of Uganda’s population. Farmers, extension officers, veterinary officers, exporters earn a lot of incomes thus increased standards of living.




  • It earns the country foreign exchange since it contributes 80% estimated exports. Coffee, flowers, vegetables, fruits, etc are some of the exported products. The forex is used to set up important infrastructure like schools, health units, thus development.
  • Agriculture provide market to industrial products such as fertilizer making, hoe making, animal feeds by NUVITA, etc. this has led to industrial growth thus source of jobs and development.
  • The government earns a lot of revenue from the agricultural sector through taxing agricultural enterprises such as Kakira and Lugazi sugar estates in Mukono and Jinja respectively. This revenue is used to set up important infrastructure such as roads.
  • It has led to infrastructural development such as feeder roads, heath units, schools, valley dams, research centers, etc. these facilitate Uganda’s development.




  • There is created international relationship through exportation of flowers, vegetables and fruits to Europe, food stuffs to S. Sudan and Kenya, etc. this has helped to keep Uganda secure.
  • Is source of food to Ugandans like banana in Mbarara and Masaka, millet in Lira and Soroti, milk from Sembabule and Mbarara, etc. this has led to improvement in people’s health.
  • Agriculture has led to the growth of agro-based industries through provision of raw-materials like Kasaku tea estate for Kasaku tea factory, kakira sugar estate for Kakira sugar factory. Such industries are a source of government revenue.
  • Promotes economic diversification, power source, promotes research and tourism.

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