14 CAUSES OF SWAMP RECLAMATION IN UGANDA

14 CAUSES OF SWAMP RECLAMATION IN UGANDA
  • Crop growing purpose like Kakira sugar estate in jinja reclaimed Mutai swamp, Doho and Kibimba wetlands for rice growing in eastern Uganda and Kashambya swamps in Kabale reclaimed for vegetable gardens.




  • Animal rearing especially during dry seasons like in Kitgum and parts of R. Mayanja, Mpologoma and Lwampanga wetlands have been encroached by the Baluli-Nakasongola pastralists and Kiruruma swamp in Kabale were leased to dairy farmers.
  • Urbanization effect like in Bwaise, Kalerwe, Natete, Busega , New tax park areas have replaced wetlands where they exist in abit to extend Kampala city.
  • Collection of craft materials and clay and sand excavation like in Kajjansi swamp by Uganda clays, the Lwera and Lutembe swamps have been threatened by sand mining.
  • Industrialization like coca cola plant in Mbarara, bell factory in Luzira Port bell, Nalukolongo wetland claimed for Sembule steel rolling mills, Bwaise swamp for Avis cosmetics factory and many others in Nakawa and kyambogo in Kampala occupied Kyambogo-Mbuya wetlands.
  • Settlement were many swamps hava been cleared for purposes of home construction like in Kisenyi and Kalerwe swamps in Kampala.
  • Roads and infrastructure construction like the northern by-pass in kampala destroyed much of Lubigi swamp, kampala-Masaka road cleared part of katonga and Busega swamps, Jinja-Iganga-Tororo road destroyed parts of Walugogo, Lumbuye, Naigombya and Tirinyi swamps.




  • Fire out breaks by farmers and hunters have degraded Katonga, Lwera, Tirinyi and other swamps.
  • The practice of garbage disposal in wetlands by Kampala dwellers like in Kitezi wetlands, Luzira wetlands, Wakaliga, etc. Also Masese swamp in Jinja and Walugogo valley has suffered the same.
  • The industrial discharge and pollution by the mining sector have degraded swamps like Njeru wetland Polluted by NYTIL and Nile breweries in Jinja and Kazinga and George wetlands have been degraded by cobalt wastes in Kasese.

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