The rapid population growth rate leads to:
- Inability to provide adequate education facilities such as schools, colleges, books and other equipments
- Poor health services as the population outstrips the available physical facilities like hospitals, medical personnel and drugs
- Inadequate provision of housing facilities leading to development/sprawling of slums
- Scarcity of adequate, thus, high rental rates for houses
- Inadequate and expensive transport services as demand for transportation outstrips available supply. This is exemplified by long queues in towns during rush hours (mornings and
- Population pressure leads to environmental degradation as people clear forests to create room for cultivation and settlement
- It leads to increased rural – urban migration in search of jobs
- It leads to land fragmentation. Fragmented land is uneconomical to operate and experience diminishing returns/low productivity
- It leads to over reliance on foreign aid/loans to sustain the fast growing population. This reduces foreign exchange due to loan repayment.
- It leads to balance of payment problems due to increased importation of food to meet food shortages
- It leads to high dependence ratio resulting into little savings by the working group / low investments / low living standard.
- There is likely to be a high unemployment rate since job opportunities may not increase at a rate that can cope with the increasing number of job seekers / may increase the rate of crime.
- The reduced income per capita and reduced gross domestic product (GDP). Expenditure while meeting demands for the large population reduces revenue that would be used for the development of income-generating projects hence slow economic growth