why the Akamba participated in Long Distance trade


  • Ukambani region had poor and unreliable rainfall to support farming.
  • The outbreak of famine in 1836 compelled them to trade.
  • Their central position between the coast and the interior facilitated their participation in trade.
  • Experienced leaders such as chief Kivoi spearheaded trade.

  • Demand for goods from the interior at the coast made them get into trade.
  • Goods for trade such as ivory and slaves were available.
  • In the 1860s, Arab and Swahili traders started penetrating the interior of Kenya. They eventually took control of Long Distance trade from the Akamba and started organizing caravans to as far as Uganda.

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