TYPES OF SOIL EROSION

TYPES OF SOIL EROSION

Rill erosion

This is the removal of topsoil by water leading to the formation of small channels called rills.




Sheet erosion

This is the uniform removal of topsoil over a large area especially from the sloping land as a result of the overflow of water. This type of erosion is difficult to notice or detect because of uniformity.




Gulley erosion

This occurs when the rills are deepened by water to form depressions called gulleys

Splash erosion

This occurs from the impact of raindrops hitting the earth’s surface and the soil particles are splashed in different directions leaving behind small depressions.

Wind erosion




This is the removal of topsoil by wind and in most cases, it is the lighter particles that are eroded. This type of erosion is common in dry areas and in areas with little or no vegetation

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