The results of plantation agriculture on the east African coast

The results of plantation agriculture on the east African coast

the results of plantation agriculture on the east African coast.




  • Increased slave trade and slave labour.
  • The emergence of a class of wealthy merchants among the Arabs and Swahili.
  • International trade due to the export of crops such as cloves.
  • Introduction of new crops such as cloves, coconuts, and maize.
  • Development of towns like Malindi, Pemba, and Zanzibar.
  • Poor working conditions and long hours of work among the slaves.




  • Development of Agro-based industries.
  • Promotion of trade.

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