Social problems, which Tanzania faced since independence

10 Social problems, which Tanzania faced since independence

Tanzania is a country located in East Africa. It is a large country, with a population of over 50 million people. Tanzania has a long and rich history, dating back to the 10th century. The country gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.

The following are social problems, which Tanzania faced since independence.

Famine and shortage of health services

Tanzania adopted the Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in the 1980s. These programs were designed to reduce government spending and to promote free markets. However, the SAPs had a number of negative consequences for Tanzania, including a decrease in government spending on social services, such as health care and education. This led to a shortage of health services and an increase in the number of people living in poverty.

Poverty and a general drop in living standards

The SAPs also led to a decrease in agricultural production, which further exacerbated poverty. In addition, the government’s focus on export-oriented industries led to a neglect of the agricultural sector, which is the main source of livelihood for most Tanzanians. This also contributed to a general drop in living standards.

Lack of social amenities, like clean water in rural areas

The government’s focus on economic development also led to a neglect of social services, such as clean water and sanitation. This is especially true in rural areas, where many people do not have access to clean water or sanitation facilities. This has led to a number of health problems, such as waterborne diseases.

High illiteracy level

Tanzania has a high illiteracy rate, especially in rural areas. This is due to a lack of access to education, as well as a lack of qualified teachers. The illiteracy rate is especially high among women, who are often denied access to education.


Tanzania has a high unemployment rate, especially among young people. This is due to a number of factors, including the lack of economic opportunities, the low level of education, and the brain drain. The brain drain refers to the phenomenon of skilled workers leaving the country in search of better opportunities elsewhere.

Population explosion which outstripped the country’s resource

Tanzania has a high population growth rate, which is putting a strain on the country’s resources, such as land, water, and food. The population growth rate is especially high in rural areas, where the majority of Tanzanians live. This has led to a number of problems, such as environmental degradation and poverty.


Tanzania was under terrorist attacks in 1998, when the American embassy in Dar es Salaam was bombed. The attacks were carried out by al-Qaeda, a terrorist group led by Osama bin Laden. The attacks killed 13 people and injured over 85 others.

Environmental pollution

Tanzania is facing a number of environmental problems, such as deforestation, air pollution, and water pollution. These problems are caused by a number of factors, including industrialization, agriculture, and mining. The environmental problems are having a negative impact on the health of the people and the environment.

Overcrowding in urban areas

Tanzania’s urban areas are overcrowded, which is causing a number of problems, such as traffic congestion, crime, and poverty. The overcrowding is caused by a number of factors, including rural-urban migration, the high population growth rate, and the lack of economic opportunities in rural areas.

Tanzania has faced a number of social problems since independence, including poverty, inequality, corruption, lack of access to education and healthcare, and gender discrimination. These problems have been exacerbated by rapid population growth and environmental degradation. The government has made some progress in addressing these problems, but much more needs to be done.


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