Reasons for the formation of the League of Nations in 1920

The League of Nations was established by the victors of the First World War in 1920 at the treaty of Versailles with the main aim of preventing the occurrence of another war.

The idea of its formation was mooted by Woodrow Wilson, the US president who was supported by Lord Robert Cecil of Britain, Jan Smuts of South Africa and Leon Bourgeois of France.

Reasons for the formation of the League of Nations in 1920

  • It was formed for the Maintenance of world peace / It was specifically created to prevent the outbreak of another world war
  • The League of Nations was meant to foster international cooperation in solving problems as they arise.
  • It was formed to jointly take instant action against an agreed aggressor by economic and possibly by military means.
  • Members were to secure and maintain fair and humane conditions of labour as one way of maintaining peace in the world.
  • It was formed to oversee development of territories lost to central powers during the First World War. E.g. Tanganyika, Togo, South West Africa etc.
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