cotton farming started in South Africa in 1960. it has become a dominant crop in the western cape since. other provinces that farm cotton include Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, and North West
The following are problems facing cotton farming in South Africa
- The el Nino weather phenomenon which affects the quality of cotton.
- The occurrence of prolonged drought in major cotton-growing districts of South Africa affects cotton growth.
- Limited farming implements and inputs such as hoes, ox-ploughs and improved seed varieties.
- Inefficient transport network since most cotton growers are located in remote areas which are inaccessible limiting cotton transportation to processing plants and markets.
- Pests and diseases like boll weevils and cotton strainer bugs which destroy the quality of cotton.
- Monoculture which has led to soil exhaustion and low yields.
- Competition from other cotton-producing countries like USA’s south, for market
- There is a general shortage of funds by the government of South Africa and this has limited research to produce good cotton varieties which are more valuable.
- low prices for cotton produced
- lack of input finance and mechanization