Political challenges that the democratic republic of Congo has faced since independence

The following are political challenges that the democratic republic of Congo has faced since independence.

  • There was general lack of preparedness of the people for independence. Foreigners controlled even the army and the police.
  • The assassination of Patrice Lumumba in 1961, which plunged the country into the Congo crisis.
  • Political instability/military coup d’état. In November 1965, Mobutu organized a military coup. In 1997, Kabila ousted Mobutu
  • Ethnic differences/tribal clashes/civil wars, which split the country into two parts at independence. One controlled by Lumumba and another controlled by Kasavubu.
  • The problem of Secession. Secessionist movement of the Katanga region (Shaba) led by Tsombe and Kasai under Kilonji seceded.
  • Foreign interference/intrigues. Belgium constantly interfered and intervened in Zaire’s internal matters. France and Britain also began to interfere from 1977 during the cold war period.
  • Mutinies in the army were common.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

%d bloggers like this: