LOCAL SYSTEMS OF FARMING IN UGANDA

LOCAL SYSTEMS OF FARMING IN UGANDA

Local farming systems in Uganda are due to climate of an area. Basing on this, they include;




  1. Banana coffee system
  2. Montane system
  3. Teso system
  4. Northern system
  5. Banana finger millet cotton system
  6. Pastoral system
  7. West Nile system

BANANA – COFFEE SYSTEM:

  1. It is carried out around the fertile regions of Lake Victoria.
  2. It is characterized by Biomodal rainfall distribution
  3. Major cash crops include;
  • Robusta coffee – Sugar cane
  • Tea – Vanilla
     Major food crops include;
  • Banana – Cassava – Beans
  • Sweet Potato – Maize




Characterized by subsistence farming though commercial farming is also done on small scale.

MONTANE SYSTEM:

  • It is found around the mountainous areas of Kigezi, Sebei, Mbale and Rwenzori
  • Soils in these areas are fertile and deep, while others are volcanic.
  • Rainfall received is high and Bimodal in distribution.
  • Temperature are low due to Altitude being high
  • Major cash crops – Arabica coffee.
  • Food crops include; Banana, Wheat, Sweet potato, Irish potatoes, Sorghum, Beans
  • Contour ploughing and terracing are common methods of soil and water conservation.
  • Livestock keeping is also carried out in these areas although it is limited by topography.




TESO SYSTEM:

  • Carried out in Regions of Tororo and Teso districts of Soroti, Kumi, etc.
  • Major cash crop is cotton
  • Food crop is Millet
  • Has flat relief with sandy loam soils
  • Large number of cattle are kept
  • Ox – plough cultivation is carried out extensively in the region
  •  Rainfall distribution is monomodal in Nature

THE NORTHERN SYSTEM:

  • It is carried out in Lango region in the districts of Lira, Gulu, and Kitgum
  • Major cash crops are cotton and Tobacco
  • Major food crops being finger millet
  • Rain distribution is Monomodal.
  • Communal land tenure is practiced.

BANANA FINGER MILLET – COTTON SYSTEM:

  • This is carried out in Tororo, Iganga, Hoima, Masindi and Kamuli districts.
  • Rain distribution is Bimodal
  • Major food crops – Millet, Bananas
  • Major cash crops – Tobacco, Cotton
  • People in this region keep large herds of cattle




PASTORAL SYSTEM:

  • It is characterized by pastoral tribes such as Karamojong, and Bahima of Ankole
  • Large number of cattle and goats of low quality are kept
  • Little farming of crops such as Maize, Millet Sorghum is done
  • Due to large herds of cattle, there’s overgrazing, bush burning and randommating of livestock
  • Occasionally they move with their animal from place to place in search of water and pasture.

WEST NILE SYSTEM:

  • It is practiced in districts of Arua, Koboko, Adjumani and Nebbi.
  • The rainy season in this region is one and long compared to the Northern system which is short.
  • Cash crops grown are Arabica Coffee, Cotton, Tobacco, Orange, Mango
  • Food crops include Millet, Simsim, Cassava, Sorghum, Cowpeas,

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