HARVESTING AND PROCESSING OF OIL PALM

HARVESTING AND PROCESSING OF OIL PALM

Harvesting of Oil Palm

Harvested by cutting the base of the bunch using a curved knife tied on a long pole.

The fruits are immediately collected and transported to the factory in lorries.

Processing of Oil from Oil Palm Fruit

Traditional Technique




  • Fruits are removed from the stalk and boiled in metal drums for up to 3 hours.
  • They are then put in boat-like containers and pounded using pestles until pericarp becomes pulp.
  • The nut and the softened pericarp are then put in a hand press and oil is squeezed out of the pulp.
  • The nuts are cracked and oil is squeezed out of kernels for domestic use.
  • The method produces very little oil which lacks consistency in quality.

Use of Pioneer Mills

  • Bunches are put in tube-like cages with holes all around.
  • Then cooked by hot steam to ensure they don,t change into fatty acids.
  • Bunches are shaken off stocks using a machine called a stripper.
  • Then cooked in digesters.
  • The pericarp is separated from the nut.




  • It’s pressed to remove the oil.
  • The oil is left to settle in tanks so that impurities settle at the bottom.
  • The nuts are cracked to remove the kernels using grinders.
  • The kernels are pressed to produce oil or may be packed whole and exported.

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