This technique involves turning/rotating the base map /survey map/map extract of the area being studied until the features on the map match/tally with those on the ground .it enables the researcher to identify local names, positions and patterns of features in the field.
The following are disadvantages of map orientation in geography fieldwork
- Some features may no longer be traced especially human features
- Base maps are not easily got
- Obsolete/out-dated maps; some maps may contain old or out dated information
- Students may not be able to interpret the base maps because of the technical/difficult language used by cartographers.