The Nyamwezi were Bantu-speaking people from Congo who settled in Tanzania. Their name was given to them by coastal traders who saw them coming from the direction of the new moon in the west.
They had small chiefdoms with each of them having a leader called Ntemi.
Economically, The Nyamwezi were mainly farmers, fishermen, and cattle keepers alongside other small economic activities.
They were religious people who strongly believed in the spirits of their ancestors and offered regular sacrifices to appease them.
Contribution of Mirambo to the Empire
Mirambo was born to one of the Ntemi chiefs in Nyamwezi.
Most of his early years were spent in captivity under the Tuta-Ngoni.
It is during that time that MiramboMastered the Military tactics of the Ngoni hence starting a big empire, the Nyamwezi.
He contributed to the Nyamwezi in the following ways:
Through trade with Europeans and Arabs, Mirambo gained access to guns that were critical in establishing his military supremacy in the region.
Mirambo formed a big army comprising mostly of teenage boys and through this he gained control of the kingdom of Urambo, gaining honor from noble families.
This popularity led to the growth and development of Nyamwezi. By unifying several Nyamwezi tribes, Mirambo gained control over major Swahili-Arab trade routes, establishing the Nyamwezi kingdom as a major regional economic and military player.