Road transport is a very popular mode of transport used by suppliers and businesses to deliver orders.
Disadvantages of road transport are:
Road Transport is subject to traffic delays.
Due to congestion and narrow roads road transport is subject to delays caused by high traffic and this can lead to the destruction of perishable goods such as vegetables and flowers.
Road transport is Unsuitable for Long Distance and Bulky loads
As compared to air transport road transport is very slow for long distances and as compared to water transport road transport carries less amount of cargo.
Road transport is only suitable for short distances and for a limited amount of cargo.
unsuitable for cheap and bulky goods
This mode of transport is unsuitable and costly for transporting cheap and bulky goods over long distances.
Goods are susceptible to damage through careless driving
if the road is rough and the driver is careless it is possible that delicate goods such as glass may be broken and damaged.
This is not the case in rail transport because the movement of the train is not in the control of the driver and is always smooth due to the rail track.
Motor transport is not as reliable as rail transport.
During rainy or flood season, roads become unfit and unsafe for use. in the rural areas where the roads are not well constructed it is difficult to use road transport because they are damaged by rain and this makes it less reliable for transporting goods and passengers.
This is unlike train or rail transport which is reliable throughout the year since the rail is built in such a way it can operate in both dry and rainy seasons.
it faces a lot of regulations
Driving regulations can cause delays.
Lack of Organization
Road transport is comparatively less organized. More often, it is irregular and undependable. The rates charged for transportation are also unstable and unequal.
Role played by road transport to economic development
It has helped in the development of fishing by linking landing sites to market centers.
Promotes agriculture by linking rural areas to urban markets.
Promotes cross-border trade between the East African countries hence increasing revenue.
Promotes regional co-operation amongst the East African countries which promotes peace.
Provides government with revenue through customs duties, road licenses, and driving permits for national development.
Provides employment opportunities e.g. engineers, police officials hence improved standards of living.
Promotes industrial growth through the distribution of industrial goods to market centers and transportation of raw materials.
Promotes tourism by connecting to all tourist sites in the remote areas.
Facilitates easy exchange of ideas necessary for national development.
Helps to diversify the economy by promoting several activities e.g. lumbering and fishing which ensures high capital inflow.
Promotes linear settlement pattern along roads which leads to urbanisation and its advantages e.g. setting up of schools.