- Fishing requires boats and canoes and these claim a lot of forest cover for timber. Forests like Ssese and Mabira are getting depleted leading to reduced rainfall and soil erosion. Also on Lake Albert a lot of firewood is used to smoke fish causing deforestation of Budongo and Bugoma as well as air pollution.
- Fishing is risky since it involves drowning, for instance about 20 fishermen drown in Lake Albert per year. Also dangerous animals like crocodiles, especially in Lake Kyoga, have claimed a lot of people losing labour force which would have been used for economic development.
- Fishing leads to the growth of landing sites like Lambu and Kasenyi on Lake Victoria and these are associated with a lot of evils such as prostitution, immorality, robbery, etc. also the activity has encouraged illiteracy since very few people go to school and others drop out of school on landing sites affecting economic development.
- Most of the fish processing and exporting factories like Green field at Entebbe Hwang sung in Ntinda are foreign owned repatriating all the profits got from the industry leading to low development of Uganda.