A rural settlement is a single-function settlement where most of the people are engaged in primary economic activities, usually farming. These settlements are generally small and sparsely populated.
reason for different shapes of rural settlement
settlement shape or form refers to the plan outline of the build-up area of settlement.
settlement may be linear (ribbon-like), rectangular, circular, or star-shaped. the shape of settlement is influenced by:
- positive factors such as transport routes, and flat land which encourage growth
- negative factors such as, flood prone valleys, which limit growth
round and square villages
square or round settlements have houses clustered around the focal point, which is the center of importance for that community. this may be the well, church, market square, or village green
linear settlement is a combination of the dispersed and nucleated pattern.
the farmsteads are arranged close to one another on both sides of thoroughfares such as roads, rivers, valleys, and railway lines. the properties in the linear villages are long and narrow and have a narrow front along the central thoroughfare
T-shaped and cross road villages
crossroad settlements can be T-shaped settlements or star-shaped. they are found at road junctions