14 MEASURES TO OVERCOME ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN UGANDA

14 MEASURES TO OVERCOME ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN UGANDA

  • Afforestation and reforestation programs have been undertaken in areas of Mbarara, Kabale, Ntungamo which have controlled soil erosion.




  • Terracing is widely practiced in Kigezi highlands of Kisoro, Rukungiri which has reduced on soil erosion and thus controlled soil exhuation.
  • Crop rotation has been under taken in Kumi, Pallisa where farmers grow maize, beans, cotton, cassava, etc. this has enriched the soils.
  • There has been controlled grazing through establishing of ranches in Mbarara, Nakasongola, Kiruhura, etc. This has reduced on vegetation destruction and soil erosion.
  • Agro-forestry is going on in Kabale, Kabanyoro in Wakiso, Bushenyi, etc. This practice of growing crops with in trees has modified climate and controlled erosion.




  • Production of more power through dams of Bujagali in Jinja, Karuma, Bugoye, has helped to conserve forests. Also energy saving stoves has saved trees thus controlling soil erosion and modification of the climate.
  • Massive education is being done in order to create awareness on the dangers of environmental degradation and how to combat it. This has helped to conserve forests and wetlands in Manafa,Bukwa and Kabale
  • Regional cooperation between Uganda and her neighbours of Kenya and Tanzania over the protection of L. Victoria fisheries (LVEMP) L. Victoria Environmental Management Programme. This has ensured the sustainability of Lake Victoria fisheries.
  • There has been enacting of laws to protect the environment. It is not allowed to settle in wetlands and NEMA was set up to enforce such laws which protect the swamps of Lubigi in Wakiso, Nabajjuzi in Masaka, etc.




  • The government of Uganda has set up NEMA and NFA to manage wetlands and forests respectively. NEMA has already evicted wetland encroachers in LubigiWakiso, Bugolobi and Ntinda in Kampala, etc.
  • There have been population control measures to reduce on population pressure on land, forests and other resources. The introduction of UPE and USE, use of condoms, pills in Kamuli, Kalangala, etc has indirectly conserved the environment.
  • Improved security through the use of Uganda police and UPDF. The disarming of the Karamajong pastorists in Kaabong and Moroto as well as peace in Gulu and west Nile has reduced on environmental degradation caused by insecurity.
  • Spraying uusing chemicals of pesticides and insecticide to locusts in Amudat, Nakapiripiriti, etc, to tsetse flies in Mayuge, Nakasongola and Kiruhura, which has controlled death of wildlife as well as destruction of vegetation.




  • There has been discouraging of bush burning in many parts of Uganda like in Lwera, Moroto, Mbarara in order to protect the soils against soil erosion.
  • Recycling of scrap products especially steel to avoid dumping and land pollution. Industries like Shumuk in Kampala and Rwenzori beverages, as well as the nice houses of plastics, have recycled plastic bottles and polythene bags thus preserving the environment.
  • Application of fertilizers, organic manure and mulching has helped to enriched the soils in many parts of Uganda. The use of artificial fertilizers at Kakira sugar estate in Jinja has reduced on soil exhaustion and erosion.

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IAM experienced geography teacher with more than three years of teaching and creating content related to geography and other subjects for both high school and college students. hope you will find the content of this website useful to your studies and daily life

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