water transport is the movement of people and goods by boats, ships, barge or sailboat across ocean, sea, lake, canal or river or through other modes of water transportation
advantages of water transport
it has Larger Capacity
It can carry much larger quantities of heavy and bulky goods such as coal, and, timber, etc.
for example, Tanzania is able to import tonnes of oil and other products from the middle east, India, and china through water transport.
this would not be possible if they were done through another mode of transport such as roads, railway, and air transport
it offers Flexible Service
It provides a much more flexible service than railways and can be adjusted to individual requirements.
it is more Safe
The risks of accidents and breakdowns, in this form of transport, are minimum as compared to any other form of transport.
Rivers are a natural highway that does not require any cost of construction and maintenance.
Even the cost of construction and maintenance of canals is much less, or they are used, not only for transport purposes but also for irrigation, etc.
Moreover, the cost of the operation of inland water transport is very low.
Thus, it is the cheapest mode of transport for carrying goods from one place to another.
Less Maintenance Cost
Maintenance cost in rail and road transport is quite high but the maintenance cost of water transport is quite less.
Useful During Natural Calamities
During natural calamities like flood and rains, when rail and road transport is disrupted, relief operations can be operated through water transport.
boost trade between countries
water transport has enabled countries far apart to conduct trade.
for example, countries like Tanzania and Kenya have been able to transport their agricultural products to China and India while countries like China and India are able to export their manufactured electronics and motor vehicles to countries in Africa and America many kilometers away.
source of foreign currencies to the country
water transport has been a source of foreign exchange for countries which owns port located in strategic areas such as Rotterdam port, Singapore port and Mombasa port in east Africa.
the ports are used to imports goods to land located countries and these countries pay taxes and port charges to countries owning the port.
for example countries such as Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi are paying port charges to the Kenyan government by importing their goods through the Mombasa port.