The possible solutions to the problem of food shortage in Africa and the rest of the Third world

  • Land reclamation to produce and bring more land to substantial use, e.g. Yala swamp reclamation scheme in Kenya and desert reclamation in Libya.
  • Irrigation as well as use of fertilizer and machinery for better yields, as is the case in Egypt, India and Pakistan.

  • formulation and adoption of sound national food policies to open the agricultural sector to new ideas on better food production.
  • Introduction of new methods of farming rather than relying on traditional ones, most of which are outdated.
  • Giving farmers incentives in form of loans, grants and other subsidies for the development of farms as well as buying of fertilizer, machinery and other farm inputs.
  • Reduction of taxes on farm inputs to encourage more farmers to take up food production.

  • Educating farmers on good farming methods e.g. soil conservation, intercropping, terracing and afforestation to provide soil cover and reverse the trend in soil erosion.
  • Intensive agricultural research to produce cheaper affordable fertilizer and to develop better crop varieties, adaptable to various climatic conditions and which can mature quickly.
  • Assistance to farmers in marketing their produce as well as subsidizing expensive farm inputs.
  • Stressing self sufficiency by devoting sizable portions of family land to cultivation of food crops through strong government food policies.

  • Building good storage facilities and educating farmers on better storage practices to minimize loss before, during and after harvest.
  • Control and elimination of pests and diseases, which are a great hindrance to farming.
  • Improvement of infrastructure and transport systems as well as better pricing of farm produce to the advantage of farmers.
  • Cultivation of indigenous crops for provision of food where exotic ones fail.
  • Peaceful conflict resolution for enhancement of democracy and an end to civil and other forms of strife for alleviation of poverty and devotion of resources to food production instead of funding useless wars.

The steps taken to remedy food shortage in Kenya.

  • Extensive research by research bodies such as the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), which have resulted in production of crop varieties that are resistant to drought and diseases. A good example here is Katumani maize.
  • Introduction of genetically engineered crops and animals, which are resistant to pests and diseases.
  • Establishment of agricultural training institutions e.g. Edgerton University, the University of Nairobi and the Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology for training and production of experts such as Agricultural officers, Veterinary doctors and horticultural experts.
  • Inclusion of the teaching of agriculture in the school curriculum to educate learners about new and better techniques of farming that should boost food production in Kenya.

  • Educating people on the need for family planning so that families only have the number of children they can feed and provide for.
  • Formulation of a Food Security policy for enhancement of food production and to ensure that a certain amount of food is kept for emergencies and that unscrupulous businessmen do not export certain foodstuffs when the country needs them.
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