The American contribution to the Agrarian revolution

The American contribution to the Agrarian revolution

The Americas is the origin of many crops in the world today.

Indigenous Americans
(American Indians) were subsistence farmers.

They grew a wide range of crops. From the 17th century, many people, particularly from Western Europe, migrated into America, bringing with them skills, enterprise and enthusiasm.

They took and established animal breeds and crop varieties, which led to increased export trade.

The countries that makeup North America.

 Canada,
 Mexico,
 The United States of America.

The crops that originated from North America.

  • Maize,
  • Yams,
  • Potatoes,
  • Beans,
  • Pineapples,
  • Cocoa,
  • Tomatoes,
  • Cotton,
  • Tobacco,
  • Cassava.

American contribution to the Agrarian revolution

The agriculture that developed in North America was a blend of new and old methods such as:

  • Recognition of individual land ownership rights.
  • Introduction and use of slave labour in clearing forests apart from other forms of farm work.
  • Greater freedom of settlers.
  • Modern plantation and estate farming.
  • Crop zoning and rotation.
  • The use of farm machinery and high breed seeds.
  • Extensive education on agricultural economics.
  • Increased use of fertilizers.

The problems encountered by new settlers in the USA.

Unfortunately, the pioneer years in America were difficult, for the new settlers faced many problems such as:

  • Many deaths due to diseases and exposure to strange climate.
  • Hostility from the American Indians.
  • Heavy losses due to lack of knowledge on the suitable crops for the area.
  • Great difficulty in exporting food crops and beef products to the American cities and elsewhere as the food often went bad before reaching the market.

farming zones into which North America is divided

North America is divided into farming zones like:

  • The cotton and corn belts,
  • The wheat areas,
  • The dairy areas,
  • The ranch areas,
  • The livestock areas,
  • The rice areas,
  • The potato areas,
  • The citrus fruits areas, etc


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