Socio-political systems among the coastal Bantu during the pre-colonial period

The following is socio-political systems among the coastal Bantu during the pre-colonial period.




  • They were divided into clans, each with its council of elders (Kambi), which served as the final court of appeal in all matters as the highest ruling council.
  • The council of elders comprised the highest level of Age-set systems as part of the organization of the society.
  • Under the elders were prophetesses and prophets (Wafisi), who had authority over all religious and ritual matters by administering oath and conducting all traditional ceremonies at every level e.g. circumcision, harvesting, planting, cleansing, reconciliation, etc. In short, the social and political institutions among the coastal Bantu were closely interwoven.