Reasons for the migration and settlement of the Bantu into Kenya

dispersal points through which the Bantu migrated from and settled in various areas.

The Bantu migrated from and settled into various places through four major dispersal
points, namely:




  • The Congo forest
  • The area west of Lake Victoria,
  • The area between Taita hills and mount Kilimanjaro,
  • Shungwaya.

reasons for the migration and settlement of the Bantu into Kenya.

  • Population pressure due to food production, enabled by their knowledge in ironworking, with which they made and used better farm implements.
  • Their might and strength due to better weapons and farm tools, which enabled them to easily fight and defeat other people and to clear new lands for agriculture.
  • Internal pressure (family or clan rivalry).




  • Natural calamities such as famine, drought, etc.
  • Search for new farmland.
  • The spirit of adventure i.e. their desire to taste life in new lands.
  • invasions and frequent attacks by warring neighbours.
  • Diseases and epidemics, which affected both people and livestock