objectives of the Berlin conference and terms of berlin  act

objectives of the Berlin conference and terms of berlin act

objectives of the Berlin conference

  • To set or lay down the rules of the partition.
  • To eliminate conflict among European nations over their expansion into Africa.

  • To define any area effectively occupied by each nation to avoid interference.
  • To sort out different European views on the slave trade and its abolition.
  • Establishment of authority in regions under occupation.
  • To safeguard native African interests.
  • To protect traders, scientists, explorers and Christian missionaries from local attacks.
  • To guarantee religious tolerance.
  • To guarantee free trade.
  • To draw the borders of regions under occupation on a map.

terms of the Berlin Act.

  • Any state laying claim to any part of Africa had to inform other interested parties. The claims had to be discussed and ratified if they were justifiable.
  • All signatories had to declare their spheres of influence I.E. an area under each nation’s occupation.
  • The effective occupation had to be established in an area once the area was declared a sphere of influence.
  • Any power acquiring territory in Africa had to undertake stamping out of the slave trade and safeguard African interests.
  • The River Congo and River Niger basins were left free for any interested power to navigate.
  • If a European power claimed a certain part of the African coast, the land in the interior or behind the coastal possession became the coastal claimant’s sphere of influence.

  • Any country that wished to declare a protectorate in Africa had to show that its authority in the region was firm enough to protect existing European rights and guarantee free trade.


Published by


IAM experienced geography teacher with more than three years of teaching and creating content related to geography and other subjects for both high school and college students. hope you will find the content of this website useful to your studies and daily life