The following were main duties of chiefs as stipulated by the 1902 Village Headman Ordinance
In 1902, the Village-Headman Ordinance was enacted, which gave chiefs three main duties:
- Maintenance of public order.
- Hearing of petty cases.
- Clearing of roads and foot-paths.
In 1912, through another ordinance, the chiefs‟ powers and responsibilities were increased.
For instance, they and their assistants were allowed to employ other persons to assist them such as messengers and retainers.
Kenya was further divided into provinces, districts, divisions and locations under Provincial Commissioners, District Commissioners, District Officers and chiefs for the purpose of administration.