Impact of early agriculture in Egypt

THE following are impacts of early agriculture in EGYPT

  • Improved farming, leading to increased and regular food supply.
  • Rise in population due to healthy feeding.
  • Development of writing, arithmetic and Geometry for keeping records and accounts to manage agricultural resources.




  • Invention of irrigation technique, which made the Nile valley an all-season farming area.
  • Emergence of urban centres along the Nile valley, such as Memphis, Akataten, Thebes and Aswan.
  • Invention of farming implements such as the plough, sickle, etc.
  • Development of Astronomy and other sciences, as a way of predicting floods.
  • Development of religion, for divine protection of the farms.
  • Emergence of a new class of people, constituted by priests and soldiers, which produced




  • scribes and other Egyptian elites.
  • Specialization of some people in non-food producing activities e.g. tool making, crafts and geometry.
  • Increased trading activities due to surplus food production.
  • Permanent settlement by farmers, which improved living standards as settled communities accumulated more property than nomads.
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