Factors that led to the migration of the Highland Nilotes into Kenya

Factors that led to the migration of the Highland Nilotes into Kenya

The following are factors that led to the migration of the Highland Nilotes into Kenya




  • Search for cultivable land as well as pasture and water for their livestock.
  • Drought, famine and other natural calamities.
  • Rapid population increase.
  • Diseases and epidemics, which afflicted both people and livestock.
  • Internal conflicts and rivalries. For instance, the Karamojong and Turkana exerted pressure on other groups, such as the Iteso.




  • Pressure or attacks from hostile neighbouring communities.
  • Adventure and desire for loot and plunder.

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