Factors that led to the migration of the Highland Nilotes into Kenya

The following are factors that led to the migration of the Highland Nilotes into Kenya




  • Search for cultivable land as well as pasture and water for their livestock.
  • Drought, famine and other natural calamities.
  • Rapid population increase.
  • Diseases and epidemics, which afflicted both people and livestock.
  • Internal conflicts and rivalries. For instance, the Karamojong and Turkana exerted pressure on other groups, such as the Iteso.




  • Pressure or attacks from hostile neighbouring communities.
  • Adventure and desire for loot and plunder.