Factors that led to migration and settlement of the plain Nilotes into Kenya

communities that belong to the Plain Nilotes.

  • The Maasai,
  • Samburu,
  • Iteso,
  • Turkana,
  • Njemps.




While some historical accounts categorize the Teso and the Turkana with the Plain Nilotes, others include them among the Highland Nilotes.

factors that led to migration and settlement of the plain Nilotes into Kenya.

  • Diseases and epidemics, which afflicted both people and livestock.
  • Internal feuds i.e. raids and counter raids against each other.
  • Pressure or hostility from neighboring and other communities.
  • The spirit of adventure i.e. desire to experience life in a new land.




  • population pressure.
  • natural calamities such as drought, famine, etc.
  • Search for cultivable land (particularly the Kwavi Maasai).
  • Their nomadic lifestyle, due to which they kept moving from place to place (in search of pasture and water) without a definite settlement or home