The Luo of Sakwa, Seme, Uyoma, Ugenya and Kisumu resisted while those of Gem and Asembo collaborated with British rule. Outstanding resisters were the Luo of Ugenya.
The following were the effects of the Luo reaction to British colonial rule
- Hatred (increased hostility) between collaborators and resisters.
- Land alienation to pave the way for British occupation and settlement.
- Massive loss of life, especially among the Luo of Ugenya.
- Replacement of African political leadership systems with British ones.
- Loss of independence for both resisters and collaborators.
- Establishment of schools and missions in Luo areas for spreading Western education and religion.
- Looting and burning, which caused loss of property and poverty in Luo territory.