Effects of Bantu migration and settlement in Kenya

The following are effects of Bantu migration and settlement into Kenya.




  • Increased population in the regions where they settled.
  • spread of ironworking to other parts of Kenya. The skill reached other communities, such as the Luo.
  • Increased intercommunal conflicts. For instance, they fought with the Oromo at the coast, the Maasai in the Rift Valley and the Luo near Lake Victoria.
  • More trading activities as the Bantu exchanged iron products with other communities. For example, Abagusi gave iron products to the Luo in return for baskets.




  • Increased cultural interaction and exchange. For instance, many Bantu groups assimilated the Southern Cushites as some Bantu were assimilated by Nilotes.
  • spread of agricultural practices in Kenya. For example, the Kwavi Maasai of Kenya adopted cultivation.
  • Population redistribution. E.g. the Dorobo moved to forested areas.
  • Displacement of some communities. For instance, Abagusi were displaced by the Luo in the Kano plains. Some Eastern Cushites were displaced by the Agikuyu from parts of central Kenya.
  • Intermarriage. E.g. Abaluhyia intermarried with the Maasai, Kalenjin and Luo.




  • Exchange of knowledge and skills. Many Bantu adopted the Age-set system and the practice of circumcision from the southern Cushites.