Livestock Farming refers to the rearing of domesticated animals such cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, camels, and poultry for subsistence and sales
It is divided into the following: –
- Traditional livestock farming.
- Livestock ranching.
- Commercial livestock farming
- Traditional Livestock Farming
Traditional Livestock Farming is also referred to as nomadic or subsistence pastoralism or pastoralism
It is the extensive grazing of livestock on natural pasture involving constant and seasonal migration of the nomads/pastoralists and their livestock in search of water and pasture; a process referred to as transhumance
It is mainly practiced in the arid and semi-arid lands e.g. in Turkana, Wajir, Garissa, Mandera, Kajiado, Narok, and Marsabit counties
The pastoral communities in Kenya include Maasai, Samburu, Somali, Borana, Turkana and Pokot
Factors favouring Nomadic Pastoralism in Kenya
- The grazing areas are free from tsetse fly due to hot and dry conditions.
- Availability of large tracts of land for grazing due to the sparse population in Northern and North eastern regions.
- Availability of natural pasture in the wooded savanna lands.
- The gentle slopes/undulating terrain enable easy movement of stock from one place to another.