External recruitment – meaning, sources, advantages and disadvantages

EXTERNAL RECRUITMENT Refers to the use of external sources to advertise vacancies outside the business.

Sources of external recruitment




  • Recruitment agencies
  • Bill boards
  • Printed media, e.g. newspapers/flyers
  • Electronic media, e.g. radio/TV
  • Social media/Social networks/Internet/Business websites
  • Recruitment agencies
  • Walk-ins
  • Head hunting
  • Professional associations
  • Networking
  • Educational/Training institutions
  • Posters just outside the business

IMPACT OF EXTERNAL RECRUITMENT




Positives impact or Advantages of external recruitment

  • New candidates bring new talents/ideas/experiences/skills into the business.
  • There is a larger pool of candidates to choose from.
  • There is a better chance of getting a suitable candidate with the required skills/qualifications/competencies who do not need much training/ development which reduce costs.
  • It may help the business to meet affirmative action and BBBEE targets.
  • Minimises unhappiness/conflict amongst current employees who may have applied for the post.

Negatives impact or Disadvantages of external recruitment




  • External sources can be expensive, e.g. recruitment agencies’ fees/advertisements in newspapers/magazines.
  • The selection process may not be effective and an incompetent candidate may be chosen.
  • Information on CV’s/referees may not be reliable.
  • Recruitment process takes longer/is more expensive as background checks must be conducted.
  • New candidates generally take longer to adjust to a new work environment.
  • In-service training may be needed which decreases productivity during the time of training.




  • Many unsuitable applications can slow down the selection process.