beef farming is the rearing of cattle for meat and related products
Organisation of Beef FarmingKenya
- 90% of beef cattle are reared by subsistence farmers and pastoralists and the rest by commercial ranching.
- Pastoralists constitute the greatest majority.
- There is small scale farming distributed all over the country and large scale farming carried out in the ranches in Rift Valley, Laikipia, Nakuru, Trans Nzoia, Kajiado, Kilifi, Kwale, Taita Taveta, Kitui and Machakos.
- The main indigenous breed kept is Zebu while imported breeds include Aberdare Angus, Hereford, Galloway, Short horn and Charolais.
- Animals are fed on natural grass in pastoralism and nutritious drought resistant pasture introduced in some ranches to improve beef quality.
- Fertilizers are being applied on the pasture to improve its quality.
- Cattle are frequently inoculated against fatal diseases like anthrax.
- Cattle dips and veterinary services are provided by the government to improve farming activity.
marketing of beef products in Kenya
KenyaSmall scale farmers sell their animals to butchers who slaughter and sell to consumers after it’s inspected.
Livestock Marketing Division is in charge of marketing beef from pastoral areas. It acts as a cooperative society and buys beef cattle and puts them on holding grounds.
The animals are vaccinated against diseases and then sold to individual butchers or to slaughterhouses through an auction.
Pastoralists sell to middlemen who transport livestock to big towns like Nairobi.
The following are Factors that favors beef farming in Kenya
- Extensive flatlands with natural pasture/grass that offer room for extensive grazing especially within the Nyika plateau and the Rift Valley region
- Moderate rainfall of about 750mm or above which ensures supply of pasture/water.
- Moderate temperatures of about 28oC lowers pest and disease incidence/favours survival of exotic breeds
- Presence of watering sites such as Lorian, Lotikipi and Saiwa swamps/several permanent rivers that provides water for the beef cattle.
- Ready market due dense/high population in the practicing areas.
- The communities have a long tradition of cattle keeping.