10 important rivers in India

lake and mountain photo

10. TAPTI

Major river in Central India.

Origin: Satpura Range, Madhya Pradesh

Distance Covered : 724 Km.




Major Towns along the river : Multai, Nepanagar, Betul and Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh, Bhusawal in Maharashtra and Surat and Songadh in Gujarat.

Merge into : Gulf of Cambay of Arabian Sea, Surat (Gujrat).

9. NARMADA

also known as Life Line of Madhya Pradesh

Origin: narmada Kund, Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh

Distance Covered: 1312 Km.

Major Towns along the river : Jabalpur (MP), Bharch (Gujarat)

Merge : Arabian Sea (Gujarat)

8. KAVERI




Origin : Talakaveri (Western Ghats, Karnataka)

Important Tributaries : Amravati, Shemsha, Hemavati.

Major Towns along the river : Kushalnagar, Mysuru northern suburbs, Srirangapatna, Karur, Tiruchirapalli (TN), Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai, Poompuhar.

Distance Covered : 765 Km.

Merge : Bay of Bengal.

7. KRISHNA

also known as Krishnaveni

4th largest in India (after the Ganges, Godavari and Brahmaputra).

Origin : Mahabaleshwar (Maharashtra)

Distance Covered : 1400 Km

Major Towns along the river : Sangali (MH), Konya (MH), Vijaywada (AP)
Major Tributaries : Bhima, Paleru, Malaprabha, Tungbhadra.




It is a major source of irrigation for Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

Major Dam on river : Nagarjun Sagar Dam, Dhom Dam, Narayanpur Dam.

The delta of this river is one of the most fertile regions in India and was the home to ancient Satavahana and Ikshvaku Sun Dynasty kings. Vijayawada is the largest city on the River Krishna.

Merge into : Bay of Bengal.

6. GODAVARI

Longest river in Southern India also known as ‘Dakshina Ganga’




2nd Largest after Gangus (Ganga)

Origin : Tryambakeshwar, Maharashtra

Distance : 1465 Km

Major Towns along the river : Rajahmundry (AP), Nashik (MH), Nanded (MH), Nizamabad (AP).

States Covered : Maharashtra, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry (Yanam).

Major Dam on River : Gangapur Dam, Sriram sagar dam.

The Krishna Godavari Basin is one of the main nesting sites of the endangered Olive Ridley sea turtle.

Merge into : Bay of Bengal.

5. MAHANADI

It is the major river in Chattisgarh and Odisha




Used in Irrigation and Drinking Purpose

also known as The Ruin of Orrisa. (Devastating flood over the years but before the construction of HIRAKUND DAM)

Source : Sihawa, Dhamtari, Dandakaranya, Chhattisgarh.

Distance Covered : 858 Km.

Major Cities on River : Cuttak, Sambalpur.

4. INDUS

also known as Sindhu River

Pakistan has 93%, India has 5% and China has 2% share of this river.

Origin : Tibetan Plateau.

Flows through : The Ladakh




Entered into : Pakistan

Distance Covered : 3180 Km

Major Cities : Leh, Sukur, Hyderabad (Pakistan).

Major Tributaries : Balram river, Beas, Chenab, Dras, Gilgit, Jhelum, Ravi, Satluj.

Merges into : Arabian Sea.

3. BRAHMPUTRA

also called as Tsangpo-Brahmaputra

Origin : Angsi Glacier (Tibet)

Entered from : Arunachal Pradesh to Assam.

Distance Covered : 2900 Km.

Major Cities : Dibrugarh (Assam), Guwahati.

Another name : Jamuna (Bengali), Tsangpo (Tibet), Pinyin or Yarlung Zangbo (China).




Merges into : Padma river of Bangladesh.

2. YAMUNA

also known as Jamuna

Origin : Yamunotri Glaciers (Himalaya)

70% of water to Delhi from Yamuna.

Tajmahal is situated on the banks of it.

Major Cities : Etawah (UP), Auraiya (UP), Mathura, New Delhi.

States Covered : Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi

Major Tributaries : Hanuman Ganga, Sharda, Chambal

Merges into : Ganga, Allahbad (It is the longest river in India which does not directly flow to the sea).




1. GANGA

Origin : Gangotri (Himalaya)

Distance Covered : 2525Km.

Third Largest River in the world.

Major Cities : Patliputra, Kashi, Allahbad, Varanasi, Kolkata, Badrinath, Haridwar, Kanpur, Patna, Farrukhabad, Fatehgarh, Kannauj, Chakeri.

It had also created the World’s Largest DELTA in West Bengal – Sundarban Delta.




Major Tributaries : Gomti, Ghaghra, Tamsa, Yamuna, Koshi.