Factors favoring beef farming in Argentina

Argentina is located in the South American continent and is one of the leading beef producers in the world.

Argentina is the world’s top beef exporter. Beef farming is mainly carried out in pampas grasslands with the major beef farming areas being Chaco Formosa and Santiago del Estero

brown bull on green glass field under grey and blue cloudy sky
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Factors favouring beef farming in Argentina

Physical factors

Moderate and well-distributed rainfall throughout the year of about 1000mm favors the growth of pastures and a regular supply of water for cattle.

The moderate temperatures of 10oC-24oC favor the growth of grass all year round.

Fertile soils washed from the foothills of Andes by rivers are deposited in the low-lying areas, giving rise to good natural pastures.

Extensive and rolling grasslands (pampas) at the foot of Andes Mountains provides good sites for natural grazing and pasture.

Availability of highly nutritious temperate grass.

Human factors

A well-established railway network eases accessibility.

Adequate capital to mechanize farm operations and install refrigeration facilities.

Highly organized cattle ranches, which are fairly mechanized.
Availability of market locally in the European countries.

The introduction of exotic breeds (shorthorn, Hereford) ensures high-quality meat.

Replacement of natural pasture with alfalfa, which is highly nutritious and matures faster