Tea is a tropical plant with the botanical name Camellia Sinesis. First introduced in Limuru in 1903.
a) Aswan variety common in India and Sri Lanka.
b) Chinese variety.
Kenya is the largest producer in Africa, among the top 6 world producers, and has the best tea in the world market.
Major tea Growing Areas in Kenya
W. Highlands – Kericho, Nandi, Kakamega, Cherangani hills.
E. Highlands – Nyeri, Murang`a, Kiambu, Thika, etc.
Significance of Tea Farming in Kenya
- Earns foreign exchange from tea export.
- Saves some foreign exchange that would be used to import tea.
- Farmers earn an income that raises their standard of living.
- It creates employment such as for people working in farms and factories.
- This has led to the development of industries such as processing factories, blending and packaging industries.
- It has led to the development of infrastructure by roads being improved to ease transportation of tea to factories..